Category Archives: Troubleshooting

Various problems solutions

Kubernetes: NGINX/PHP-FPM graceful shutdown and 502 errors

25 February 2021
 

 We have a PHP application running with Kubernetes in pods with two dedicated containers – NGINX и PHP-FPM. The problem is that during downscaling clients get 502 errors. E.g. when a pod is stopping, its containers can not correctly close existing connections. So, in this post, we will take a closer look at the pods’… Read More »

Linux: setlocale: LC_ALL: cannot change locale (en_US.utf8) and Cyrillic symbols

4 February 2021
 

 Locales is a set of environment variables that are used to determine how to display data and time (for example, first of the week), symbols encoding (for example, how to display cyrillic symbols), default files order when one executing the ls command, and so on. Those variables are: LANG: Determines the default locale in the… Read More »

ArgoCD: an overview, SSL configuration, and an application deploy

22 November 2020
 

 ArgoCD helps to deliver applications to Kubernetes by using the GitOps approach, i.e. when a Git-repository is used as a source of trust, thus all manifest, configs and other data are stored in a repository. It can b used with Kubernetes manifest, kustomize, ksonnet, jsonnet, and what we are using in our project – Helm-charts.… Read More »

Linux: LEMP set up – NGINX, PHP, MySQL, SSL, monitoring, logs, and a WordPress blog migration

6 November 2020
 

 Finally got time to migrate the RTFM.CO.UA blog to a new server with Debian 10. This time manually, without any automation will set up a LEMP stack Wrote a similar at 2016 – Debian: установка LEMP — NGINX + PHP-FPM + MariaDB (Rus), but in time the post is more complete of the process and… Read More »

Kubernetes: running SQL migrations with Kubernetes Job and Helm hook

27 October 2020
 

 We have a project running in Kubernetes that needs to run SQL migrations during deployment. To run migrations need to clone a Github repository and run actually migrations stored in it. Currently, this is done with Kubernetes initContainers , and there are two of them – the first one with git clones the repository with… Read More »

Kubernetes: load-testing and high-load tuning – problems and solutions

4 September 2020
 

 Actually, this post was planned as a short note about using NodeAffinity for Kubernetes Pod: But then, as often happens, after starting writing about one thing, I faced another, and then another one, and as a result – I made this long-read post about Kubernetes load-testing. So, I’ve started about NodeAffinity, but then wondered how… Read More »

Kubernetes: a cluster’s monitoring with the Prometheus Operator

13 August 2020
 

 Continuing with the Kubernetes: monitoring with Prometheus – exporters, a Service Discovery, and its roles, where we configured Prometheus manually to see how it’s working – now, let’s try to use Prometheus Operator installed via Helm chart. So, the task is spin up a Prometheus server and all necessary exporter in an AWS Elastic Kubernetes… Read More »

Kubernetes: HorizontalPodAutoscaler – an overview with examples

12 August 2020
 

 Kubernetes HorizontalPodAutoscaler automatically scales Kubernetes Pods under ReplicationController, Deployment, or ReplicaSet controllers basing on its CPU, memory, or other metrics. It was shortly discussed in the Kubernetes: running metrics-server in AWS EKS for a Kubernetes Pod AutoScaler post, now let’s go deeper to check all options available for scaling. For HPA you can use three… Read More »