Category Archives: Kubernetes

Kubernetes is an open-source container orchestration system for automating application deployment, scaling, and management.

Kubernetes: tracing requests with AWS X-Ray, and Grafana data source

2 March 2024

 Tracing allows you to track requests between components, that is, for example, when using AWS and Kubernetes we can trace the entire path of a request from AWS Load Balancer to Kubernetes Pod and to DynamoDB or RDS. This helps us both to track performance issues – where and which requests are taking a long… Read More »

AWS: VPC Prefix and the maximum of Pods on Kubernetes WorkerNodes

29 February 2024

 Each WorkerNode in a Kubernetes cluster can have a limited number of Pods running, and this limit is determined by three parameters: CPU: the total number of requests.cpu cannot be more than the number of CPUs on the Node Memory: the total number of requests.memory cannot be more than the Memory on the Node IP:… Read More »

Terraform: creating a module for collecting AWS ALB logs in Grafana Loki

24 February 2024

 An example of creating a Terraform module to automate log collection from AWS Load Balancers in Grafana Loki. See how the scheme works in the Grafana Loki: collecting AWS LoadBalancer logs from S3 with Promtail Lambda blog. In short, ALB writes logs to an S3 bucket, from where they are picked up by a Lambda… Read More »

Karpenter: its monitoring, and Grafana dashboard for Kubernetes WorkerNodes

18 February 2024

 We have an AWS Elastic Kubernetes Service cluster with Karpenter which is responsible for EC2 auto-scaling, see AWS: Getting started with Karpenter for autoscaling in EKS, and its installation with Helm. In general, there are no problems with it so far, but in any case we need to monitor it. For its monitoring, Karpenter provides… Read More »

AWS: EKS Pod Identities – a replacement for IRSA? Simplifying IAM access management

16 December 2023

 Another very interesting new feature from the latest re:Invent is the EKS Pod Identities: a new ability to manage Pod access to AWS resources. The current state: IAM Roles for Service Accounts Before that, we used the IAM Roles for Service Accounts (IRSA) model, where in order to give a Pod access to, for example,… Read More »

AWS Elastic Kubernetes Service: RBAC Authorization via AWS IAM and RBAC Groups

25 November 2023

 We have two new projects in the Elastic Kubernetes Service (см. AWS Elastic Kubernetes Service: a cluster creation automation, part 1 – CloudFormation), each project lives in its own separate Namespace. In addition, there are two users, developers, who need to be given access to these two Namespaces, but only to Pods in them and… Read More »

Grafana Loki: collecting AWS LoadBalancer logs from S3 with Promtail Lambda

25 November 2023

 Currently, we are able to collect our API Gateway logs from the CloudWatch Logs to Grafana Loki, see. Loki: collecting logs from CloudWatch Logs using Lambda Promtail. But in the process of migrating to Kubernetes, we have Application Load Balancers that can only write logs to S3, and we need to learn how to collect… Read More »

Kubernetes: ensuring High Availability for Pods

25 November 2023

 We have a Kubernetes cluster, where WorkerNodes are scaled by Karpenter, and Karpenter has the disruption.consolidationPolicy=WhenUnderutilized parameter for its NodePool, and this means, that Karpenter will try to “consolidate” the placement of pods on Nodes in order to maximize the use of CPU and Memory resources. In general, everything works, but this leads to the… Read More »

VictoriaMetrics: pushing metrics without Prometheus Pushgateway

18 November 2023

 In the Prometheus: running Pushgateway on Kubernetes with Helm and Terraform post I wrote about how to add Pushgateway to Prometheus, which allows using the Push model instead of Pull, that is, an Exporter can send metrics directly to the database instead of waiting for Prometheus or VMAgent to come to it. With VictoriaMetrics, it’s… Read More »