Docker: Compose shared networks

By | 08/20/2019
 

We have a Docker Compose stack with Jenkins, SonarQube, and PostgresSQL, check the SonarQube: running tests from Jenkins Pipeline in Docker post.

The problem is that they are described in the same Docker Compose file and are restarted by the same systemd file (check the Linux: systemd сервис для Docker Compose post, Rus)

Thus, if need to restart a SonarQube – will have to restart all of them including Jenkins, where are jobs running.

So the task will be to split those three services into the two Compose files, but leave the communication ability without changing URLs to connect between containers.

Will use the external feature here.

Compose version 3.5.

Jenkins network

In a Jenkins’ Compose file – add a name to create a custom network called jenkins:

version: '3.5'

networks:
 jenkins:
   name: jenkins

services:

  jenkins:
    user: root
    image: jenkins/jenkins:2.176.2
    networks:
      - jenkins
    ports:
      - '8080:8080'
      - '50000:50000'
    environment:
      - JENKINS_HOME=/var/lib/jenkins
      - JAVA_OPTS=-Duser.timezone=Europe/Kiev
      - JENKINS_JAVA_OPTIONS="-Djava.awt.headless=true -Dhudson.model.DirectoryBrowserSupport.CSP=\"default-src 'self' 'unsafe-inline' 'unsafe-eval'; img-src 'self' 'unsafe-inline' data:;\""
    logging:
      driver: "journald"

Otherwise, Docker will create a network with a servceiname_networkname name, which doesn’t look too good.

SonarQube network

Then in the SonarQube’s Compose file describe an additional network called sonar – but as an external of the jenkins network:

version: '3.5'

networks:
  sonar:
    external:
      name: jenkins

services:
  sonarqube:
    user: 1004:1004
    image: sonarqube:7.9.1-community
    ports:
      - "9000:9000"
    networks:
      - sonar
    environment:
      - sonar.jdbc.url=jdbc:postgresql://db:5432/sonar
    volumes:
      - /data/sonarqube/conf:/opt/sonarqube/conf
      - /data/sonarqube/logs:/opt/sonarqube/logs
      - /data/sonarqube/temp:/opt/sonarqube/temp
      - /data/sonarqube/data:/opt/sonarqube/data
      - /data/sonarqube/extensions:/opt/sonarqube/extensions
      - /data/sonarqube/bundled_plugins:/opt/sonarqube/lib/bundled-plugins
    logging:
      driver: "journald"
    
  db: 
    image: postgres
    networks:
      - sonar 
    environment:
      - POSTGRES_USER=sonar
      - POSTGRES_PASSWORD=sonar
    volumes:
      - /data/sonarqube/postgresql:/var/lib/postgresql
      - /data/sonarqube/postgresql_data:/var/lib/postgresql/data
    logging:
      driver: "journald"

Restart the service and list networks:

root@jenkins-production:/opt/jenkins# docker network ls
NETWORK ID          NAME                DRIVER              SCOPE
...
fb22545d1fae        jenkins             bridge              local
...

Check containers using this network:

root@jenkins-production:/opt/jenkins# docker network inspect jenkins | jq '.[] | .Containers[].Name'
"jenkins_db_1"
"jenkins_sonarqube_1"
"jenkins_jenkins_1"

And check connections using services names, for example, SonarQube’s Compose – sonarqube:

root@jenkins-production:/opt/jenkins# docker exec -ti jenkins_jenkins_1 curl -I sonarqube:9000
HTTP/1.1 200

Or db:

root@jenkins-production:/opt/jenkins# docker exec -ti jenkins_jenkins_1 telnet db 5432
Trying 172.20.0.3...
Connected to db.
Escape character is '^]'.

Done.