Category Archives: Virtualization

In computing, virtualization refers to the act of creating a virtual version of something, including virtual computer hardware platforms, storage devices, and computer network resources.

AWS Elastic Kubernetes Service: a cluster creation automation, part 2 – Ansible, eksctl

1 May 2020
 

 The first part – AWS Elastic Kubernetes Service: a cluster creation automation, part 1 – CloudFormation. To remind the whole idea is to create an automation process to create an EKS cluster: Ansible uses the cloudformation module to create an infrastructure by using an Outputs of the CloudFormation stack created – Ansible from a template will… Read More »

Kubernetes: monitoring with Prometheus – exporters, a Service Discovery, and its roles

26 April 2020
 

 The next task with our Kubernetes cluster is to set up its monitoring with Prometheus. This task is complicated by the fact, that there is the whole bunch of resources needs to be monitored: from the infrastructure side – ЕС2 WokerNodes instances, their CPU, memory, network, disks, etc key services of Kubernetes itself – its… Read More »

AWS: eksctl – “Put http://169.254.169.254/latest/api/token: net/http: request canceled”

26 April 2020
 

 We have a Docker image with the eksctl tool included. We also have an ЕС2 with Linux with the eksctl. There is an AWS IAM Instance Profile attached to this EC2 with the AdminAccess policy assigned. On this ЕС2 we have Jenkins running in a Docker container, and it spawns its jobs inside in additional… Read More »

AWS Elastic Kubernetes Service: a cluster creation automation, part 1 – CloudFormation

24 April 2020
 

 The task is: create automation to roll out an AWS Elastic Kubernetes Service cluster from scratch. Will use: Ansible: to automate CloudFormation stack creation and to execute eksctl with necessary parameters CloudFormation with NestedStacks: to create an infrastructure – VPC, subnets, SecurityGroups, IAM-roles, etc eksctl: to create a cluster itself using resources created by CloudFormation… Read More »

AWS Elastic Kubernetes Service: running ALB Ingress controller

21 April 2020
 

 AWS ALB Ingress Controller for Kubernetes – is a Kubernetes controller which actually controls AWS Application Load Balancers (ALB) in an AWS account when an Ingress resource with the kubernetes.io/ingress.class: alb annotation is created in a Kubernetes cluster. This Ingress resource in its turn describes an ALB Listeners configuration with SSL termination or traffic routing… Read More »

Kubernetes: part 5 — RBAC authorization with a Role and RoleBinding example

26 March 2020
 

 The next task is to add a new user who will have access to check pods state and watch logs – any other operations must be prohibited. AWS EKS uses AWS IAM for authentification in a Kubernetes cluster (check the Kubernetes: part 4 – AWS EKS authentification, aws-iam-authenticator and AWS IAM post for details), bot… Read More »

AWS: CloudFormation – Nested Stacks and stacks parameters Import/Export

29 February 2020
 

 Nested Stacks in AWS CloudFormation are stacks, created from another, a “parent”, stack using AWS::CloudFormation::Stack. The main idea behind the Nested Stacks is to avoid writing superfluous code and to make templates reusable. Instead, a template is created only once, stored in an S3 bucket, and during stacks creation – you just refer to it.… Read More »

Linux: PHP-FPM, Docker, STDOUT and STDERR – no an application’s error logs

24 February 2020
 

 We have a Docker image with NGINX, PHP-FPM, and Supervisor. In the same image, we have our PHP application included, which outputs its errors to the /dev/stderr as per its php.ini file: … [global] error_log=/dev/stderr … The problem is, that if run kubectl logs –  there will be no error output from the application. So,… Read More »

Kubernetes: running metrics-server in AWS EKS for a Kubernetes Pod AutoScaler

15 February 2020
 

 Assuming, we already have an AWS EKS cluster with worker nodes. In this post – we will connect to a newly created cluster, will create a test deployment with an HPA – Kubernetes Horizontal Pod AutoScaler and will try to get information about resources usage using kubectl top. Kubernetes cluster Create a test cluster using… Read More »